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Tuesday, July 21, 2020

Low Cost Construction Techniques | Approach | Process

Introduction  of Low cost construction techniques 

Large percent of India's population resides in temporary houses of mud, bamboo, straw or
erected from waste products in a very crude form. 

Temporary houses are not only insecure
but unhygienic to live. 

The Government of India and all the state governments of India are aware of this.

massive problem and therefore have established housing boards for the development of housing and massive sites House construction. 

The national housing policy emphasizes the following:
  • Provision for the selection and promotion of proven technology.
  • Promotion of the manufacture of construction materials and components through financial assistance.technical aid, tax concessions.
  • Support an extensive network of construction centers.
  • Creation of an organization dedicated to technology, research, application and promotion.
Referring to the following areas:
  •  Marketing through construction centers Construction materials and components.
  • Franchises from construction centers.
  • Development of appropriate standards.
  • Selective focus on technology.

As a result of this housing or construction policy, a large amount of funds flows to educational institutions and research.

centers to develop low-cost construction technology, establishment of Nirmithi Kendras and a good number of massive housing works that come under Ashraya Yojana.

Minimum standards

It is obvious that the construction cost is directly proportional to the covered area in low-cost Construction.

The construction economy is a vital factor, but one should not lose sight of the fact that any economy
are not worth it if the minimum requirements for basic physical comfort in homes are not met

In order to meet these twin requirements for economy and comfort, one has to be as dependent
extension in cost-effective building technology to provide minimal standard accommodation. 

The approach to low cost Construction 

The following steps are necessary to solve the acute shortage of reasonable low-cost houses:

 Site development

Government and government agencies must identify suitable sites for developing low-cost home sites. 

Sites must have a water supply, sanitation facilities, roads, public lighting and public transport. The area must be provided with purchasing, education and health services to adapt to socioeconomic, cultural and environmental conditions.

Financial assistance

Poor people should receive financial assistance in the form of a grant
and cheap loans to build low-cost houses.

Build low-cost model houses

Few low-cost model houses need to be built to show
The technology of low-cost home construction.

Self-help schemes

low-income people are able to help themselves in the construction of shelters at an acceptable cost Self-help housing programs consist of motivating beneficiaries,Expand the technical knowledge and skilled work required for some jobs.

Skeleton of the house: 

The technical knowledge must be done to build the skeleton of the house known to the beneficiary. They should be allowed to make certain changes and improvements to final finish to suit your financial position and taste.

Low cost Construction techniques 

Extensive research and development work has been carried out at various research centers to use
Local materials, waste materials, and precast structural components to reduce construction cost.

Some of the improved low cost technologies are listed below:


Foundation piles have been developed underneath the black housing burs Cotton floor area.

 Moisture-proof courses:

Use of polyethylene, bituminous materials and cement mortar with water Testing agents have been suggested for moisture testing courses.


fly ash bricks, precast hollow concrete blocks (without plaster), brick panels and
Precast wall panels can be used to obtain reasonably good comfort at a low cost.

Doors and windows

Prefabricados R.C.C. frames can save 25 to 30 percent cost when composing
with wooden frames. Instead of wooden blinds, chipboard blinds can be used. 

Lintels and Chejja

Locally available stones and slates can serve as lintels and chejjas.

Precast structural elements

precast members can be used in mass construction sites for columns, beams, mowers and stair boxes. One can think of using wall panels too.

Ceiling units

A.C. sheets, cement-bonded fiber sheets, corrugated paper sheets, lime and fly the ash cellular slabs, the solid planks, the slates, the ferrocement roof units, etc. can be used at low cost Housing ceilings.


Low-cost housing floors can be cement-based flooring, thin clay tiles, bricks edges or with slabs.

If group housing is taken automatically, there is a reduction in costs, since the mobilization of men,
the cost of materials is reduced and the continuity of work is maintained.

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