Thursday, July 23, 2020

Indian Standard Codes for Building Material and Construction | IS Codes for Building Design


All major countries like India, USA, UK and Australia have their own standards for material standards, testing standards, design procedures and for finished products.

 Before independence, India continued british standards, but after independence it was felt that it was necessary to prepare the standards to meet Indian environment Therefore, the Indian Standard Institution was established, which is now known as the Bureau of Indian standards.

 It has prepared more than 4000 standards and from time to time new standard codes are carried out.

 In this chapter, some of the important IS codes for building design and construction are
listed and briefly explained.
Indian Standard Codes for Building Material and Construction | IS Codes for Building Design

Indian Standard Codes (IS Codes) for Building Materials

The following is a list of some of the IS code requirements for building materials:

IS 269-1989. Specification for ordinary portland cement.

IS 455-1989. Specification for Portland Slag Cement.

IS 516-1959. Concrete strength testing method.

IS 1123-1975. Identification method of natural building stones.

IS 383-1970. Specifications for coarse and fine aggregates.

IS 432-1982. Specification for mild steel.

IS 3495-1976. It gives specifications for brick construction.

IS 287-1973. Provides the maximum moisture content allowed in wood for different areas and for
different uses.

Indian Standard Codes (IS Codes) for Building Design

The following codes help engineers design buildings:
IS 456–2000. It is a code of practice for the design of smooth and reinforced concrete. It was first
presented in 1953. It was revised in 1957, 1984 and the last revision is in 2000.

Give specifications or specify other codes for various materials requirement
used in the manufacture of concrete. 

Classify concrete into various grades based on 28 days of concrete bucket strength Specifies the methods and care to be taken in transportation, placement, and compaction and use of concrete. 

Offers general design considerations, special design requirements.and provides a design procedure for various structural elements using the limit state method approach.

Strength and serviceability requirements must be met in design.

IS 800–2007: Entitled General Construction in Steel Code and Practices. To achieve efficient and optimal standards for structural steel products, the Indian Standard Institution initiated actions in 1950
and I was able to get a code out in 1956. 

The code was revised in 1962, 1984 and the last revision is in 2007. 

It gives guidelines for various kinds of steel, loads to consider in the design and The method of design of steel members by the limit state method. 

Gives service requirements to be accomplished in design.

IS 875–1984: is the Indian Code of Practice for Design Loads for Buildings and Structures. It is
Available in five parts.

 Specifications are available to carry loads such as dead loads, live loads, wind loads, snow loads, crane loads, etc. 

The dead load depends on the type of structures and also on the part of the structure. 

Wind and snow loads depend on the region, site location, building roof slopes, building height etc. 

The code provides guidelines for determining these loads in the building designed. 

The code also provides the combination of loads to consider in building design.

IS 1343–1980: is the code of practice for prestressed concrete. 

Give guidelines for selecting materials, specifies labor, inspection and testing. 

General design requirements and limit status
Methods for structural design are presented. 

Durability requirements are also specified.

IS 1893–2002: Gives criteria for the design of earthquake resistant structures. 

IS 4928–1993: The code of practice for the design and construction of earthquake resistant buildings.

 IS 13827–1992: gives guidelines for improving the earthquake resistance of low-cost masonry buildings.

IS 13920–1997: It is the code of practice for the Ductile Detail of reinforced concrete structures.
subjected to seismic forces. 

IS 13935–1993 provides guidelines for seismic repair and strengthening of Buildings.

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